Age discrimination is the act of treating somebody, either an employee or an applicant, less favorably due to his or her age. The law forbids discrimination associated with any aspect of employment, including all of the following: hiring, firing, promotions, pay, job responsibilities, benefits, training, and any other particular condition of the job.
Disability discrimination occurs when an employer or employee treats an applicant or employee less favorably because he or she has a physical or mental impairment. According to the law, an employer is required to provide reasonable accommodations to any employee or applicant with a disability, unless doing so would cause a significant expense or difficulty for the company.
The Equal Pay Act (EPA) is in place to ensure that men and women in the same workplace receive equal pay for equal work. The jobs don’t have to be identical, but they do have to be substantially equal in order to make a fair comparison.
Harassment is unwelcome behavior based on color, race, sex, religion, age, national origin, genetic information, or disability. This becomes unlawful when the enduring conduct becomes a regular condition of employment and/or the conduct is severe enough to create a hostile environment in which the victim feels uncomfortable.
As the name suggests, national origin discrimination involves unfavorable treatment of an applicant or employee due to their home country, ethnicity, accent, or because they appear to be of a particular ethnic background.
Many women are unaware of the fact that the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) is in place to protect them against discrimination due to pregnancy regarding any aspect of employment, including: hiring, firing, job responsibilities, pay, layoff, promotions, benefits, and training.
Race discrimination in the workplace involves treating an applicant or employee unfavorably due to the their race or the color of their skin.Additionally, this type of discrimination also includes a situation where a person is being treated unfavorably because they are married to a person of a certain race or skin color.
Religious discrimination is the act of treating a person, either an applicant or employee, wrongfully because of their religious beliefs. The law protects those who belong to organized religions, such as Christianity and Judaism among others, but also those who practice lesser known religions.
Sex-based involves treating an applicant or employee unfavorably due to that person’s sex. It can also involve the unfavorable treatment of a person because of his or her connection with somebody of a particular sex. Additionally, gay, lesbian, and bisexual individuals can bring forth sex discrimination claims.
It is unlawful in the United States to harass an applicant or employee due to the individual’s sex. This includes sexual harassment, which can include: requests for sexual favors, unwelcome sexual advances, and any physical or verbal harassment.