The Equal Pay Act (EPA) is in place to ensure that men and women in the same workplace receive equal pay for equal work. The jobs don’t have to be identical, but they do have to be substantially equal in order to make a fair comparison. The responsibilities associated with the job, not the actual title, determines whether two positions are substantially equal.
This law covers all forms of pay, including the following: salary, overtime pay, stock options, bonuses, profit sharing, vacation pay, life insurance, cleaning, travel reimbursement, and benefits.
Note: if an inequality exists between men and women, employers are not allowed to reduce the wages of either sex as a means of equalizing the pay.
Anybody who feels that the Equal Pay Act has been violated has the right to take their case directly to court. They must report a violation of the EPA within two years of the alleged unlawful compensation practice or, in the case of a willful violation, within three years. They are not required to file an EEOC charge before moving forward.
Compensation discrimination is also prohibited on the basis of color, race, religion, age, disability, sex, or national origin.
Do You Need a Virginia Employment Lawyer?
If you find yourself earning less than another worker who is staffed with the same job responsibilities, it is time to contact an experienced employment law attorney who can review your case and help protect your rights.